K. P. Kittappa Pillai
Dancer (Bharatanatyam), vocalist
Born: May 5, 1913, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, India
Awards: Sangeet Natak Akademi Award for Dance – Bharatanatyam
K. P. Kittappa Pillai was
Those celebrated brothers were born into a nattuvanar family and were trained in music by Sri Muthuswami Dikshitar. They went on to become asthana vidwans in the various South Indian courts. Chinniah (b. 1802) took bharathanatyam to the Wodeyar court at Mysore; Ponniah (b. 1804) and Sivanandam (b. 1808) stayed in Tanjavur, under Maratha patronage; and Vadivelu (b. 1810), who adapted the violin for use in Carnatic music, also created the form of Mohiniattam at the request of the Maharaja of Travancore, Swati Tirunal. The brothers codified the basic bharathanatyam adavus, developed the margam (from alarippu to tillana) as we know it today, composed an impressive number of alarippus, jatiswarams, kavituvams, sabdams, varnams, padams, javalis, kirtanais, and tillanas and in brief, transformed both the temple and court presentation of sadir, as this form was then known.
K.P. Kittappa Pillai began his career as a vocalist having been trained by his own father Sri Ponniah Pillai and flourished in that sphere for some time. As a direct disciple of his maternal grandfather, the veteran Nattuvanar Pandanallur Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, Kittappa Pillai established himself as a versatile Nattuvanar during the major part of his career.
The Quartet’s heritage, preserved and expanded by the next eight generations of this family, remains the richest resource for traditional performers of the form to this day. Guru Kittappa Pillai himself was a brilliant musician, teacher and choreographer and revived many rare pieces of the original Tanjavur repertoire, producing the first annotated versions in the 1950s, including the Sarabhendra Bhupala Kuravanji and the Navasandhi Kavituvams.
He trained several students in India and from abroad, some of whom became prominent performers of the Thanjavur tradition.
K.P. Kittappa Pillai was associated as a faculty member in Tamizh Isai College and at Annamalai University.
He was honoured with several awards and titles during his lifetime which include:
Sangeetha Nataka Academy Award (1974)
K.P. Kittappa Pillai has published works relating to the repertoire of his illustrious ancestors, the Tanjore Quartet; these include Ponniah Mani Malai, Thanjai Natya Isaikaruvoolam, Adi Bharatakala Manjari, Javalis of Chinnayya and Gana Kala Swarabhushani (along with his younger brother veena vidwan Sri K. P.Sivanandam).
Among his other noteworthy contributions to the field of Bharatanatyam, are several rare dance compositions of the Quartet set to dance and Marathi compositions of Shahji Maharaja of Thanjavur in Bharatanatyam format.